By Benjamin A. Elman
Civil examinations have been instituted in China within the 7th century CE, yet within the Ming and Qing eras they have been on the heart of a posh social net that held jointly the highbrow, political, and monetary lifetime of imperial China. neighborhood elites and the court docket sought to steer how the govt regulated the classical curriculum and chosen civil officers. As a guarantor of academic advantage, examinations tied the dynasty to the privileged gentry and literati classes--both ideologically and institutionally.
China eradicated its classical exam procedure in 1905. yet this conscientiously balanced, always contested piece of social engineering, labored out over centuries, was once an early harbinger of the meritocratic regime of faculty forums and different front assessments that undergirds larger schooling in a lot of the area today.
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Civil Examinations and Meritocracy in Late Imperial China by Benjamin A. Elman