Civil Examinations and Meritocracy in Late Imperial China - download pdf or read online

By Benjamin A. Elman

in the course of China's overdue imperial interval (roughly 1400-1900 CE), males amassed via the thousands each or 3 years outdoor professional exam compounds sprinkled throughout China. just one percentage of applicants could entire the educational routine that might earn them a put up within the administrative paperwork. Civil Examinations assesses the function of schooling, exam, and China's civil provider in fostering the world's first expert category according to confirmed wisdom and skill.

Civil examinations have been instituted in China within the 7th century CE, yet within the Ming and Qing eras they have been on the heart of a posh social net that held jointly the highbrow, political, and monetary lifetime of imperial China. neighborhood elites and the court docket sought to steer how the govt regulated the classical curriculum and chosen civil officers. As a guarantor of academic advantage, examinations tied the dynasty to the privileged gentry and literati classes--both ideologically and institutionally.

China eradicated its classical exam procedure in 1905. yet this conscientiously balanced, always contested piece of social engineering, labored out over centuries, was once an early harbinger of the meritocratic regime of faculty forums and different front assessments that undergirds larger schooling in a lot of the area today.

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Civil Examinations and Meritocracy in Late Imperial China by Benjamin A. Elman

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